Gynecomastia is a term used to describe the enlargement of breasts in males. Gynecomastia is usually found in the new born babies. This may be due to transfer of some female hormones from the mother. The main reason for gynecomastia is still not found completely.
It may occur due to a result of an imbalance in the normal ratio of sex hormones in an individual. These hormones are as follows:
- Estrogens (The female hormones) and
- Androgens (The male hormones)
Gynecomastia can also be caused because of a metabolic disorder. Some drugs are also responsible for the development of this condition in males. These include the drugs like Risperdal, Fusemide or Digoxin. In case you are a victim of risperdal gynecomastia, you should know about the risperdal gynecomastia lawsuits, that you can file a case against your doctor.
Gynecomastia is not same as the normally observed muscle hypertrophy of chest muscles found in people performing exercises like the swimmers.
TYPES OF GYNECOMASTIA:
Gynecomastia can be classified according to the distribution of fat in the chest tissues:
- Confined to aerola:
The most common type of gynecomastia observed is the one which remains confined only to the aerola. Due to the accumulation of the glandular tissue under the aerolar tissue it gives a puffy appearance.
- Glandular gynecomastia:
It is commonly seen in the body builders and wrestlers. It is due to the anabolic steroid used to build up the body muscles. These steroids carry an excessive amount of the testosterone in them. This testosterone is converted into estrogen, thus leading to gynecomastia.
- Congenital or hereditary gynecomastia:
Congenital or hereditary gynecomastia is found typically in boys ranging from the ages 12 to 18. Most of the times it settles down with age, while in some cases, it persists for life.
- Adult gynecomastia:
It is the most common form of gynecomastia. Its extent varies according to the varying degrees of the glandular, adipose and fibrous tissue involvement.
This type of gynecomastia is mostly related to obesity. It comprises only of the adipose tissue and not the glandular tissue. It is also known as the ‘false gynecomastia’.
- Asymmetrical gynecomastia:
It is also called as the ‘unilateral gynecomastia‘; in which only one breast becomes enlarged compared to the other one.
- Severe gynecomastia:
As the name indicates, it refers to the severely enlarged breasts in males. It is mostly found in the old age.